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State Awards

U.S. Citizens Who Received Estonian State Awards

1991 - to present

The Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana was created in 1995 to honor the independence of the Estonian state. The Order is bestowed by the President of the Republic on both Estonian and foreign citizens who have rendered special services to the Republic of Estonia.

Maarjamaa Risti teenetemärk (I) - Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana

U.S. Ambassador to Estonia Robert C. Frasure, 1995
Dr. Paul A. Goble, 1995 (policy expert)
George F. Kennan, 1996 (diplomat and scholar)
U.S. President Gerald R. Ford, 1996
U.S. Ambassador to Estonia Lawrence P. Taylor, 1997
George Soros, 1998 (philanthropist)
U.S. Deputy Secretary of State Nelson Strobe Talbott III, 2000
U.S. Ambassador to Estonia Melissa F. Wells, 2001
Sen. Gordon Smith, 2002
Sen. Jesse Helms, 2002
Sen. John McCain, 2002
Sen. Richard Durbin, 2002
Sen. Richard Lugar, 2002
Sen. Robert C. Byrd, 2002
Sen. George Allen, 2004
Sen. Joseph Biden, 2004
U.S. Secretary of State Madeline K. Albright, 2004
U.S. Ambassador to Estonia Joseph M. De Thomas, 2004
U.S. President George H.W. Bush, 2005
U.S. President William J. Clinton, 2006
U.S. Ambassador to Estonia Aldona Z. Wos, 2006

Maarjamaa Risti teenetemärk (II) - Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana

Nicholas R. Burns, 1995 (diplomat)
Congressman Gerald B.H. Solomon, 2000
Nicholas Lane, 2002 (Crimes Against Humanity Commission member)
Peter Reddaway, 2002 (Crimes Against Humanity Commission member)
Julie Finley, 2003 (diplomat)
Bruce Jackson, 2003 (President, U.S. Committee on NATO)
Congressman John Shimkus, 2004
Congressman Dennis J. Kucinich, 2004

Maarjamaa Risti teenetemärk (III) - Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana

Michael Branch, 2000 (scholar)
Ronald Asmus, 2000 (scholar)
Dan Fried, 2004 (diplomat)
John Rose, 2005 (Director, George C. Marshall European Centre for Security Studies)
Brent Scowcroft, 2006 (U.S. National Security Advisor)
Harry Huge, 2006 (attorney)
Kurt Volker, 2006 (diplomat)
Robert E. Hunter, 2007 (diplomat)
Mark A. Pekala, 2007 (diplomat)
Damon M. Wilson, 2007 (diplomat)

Maarjamaa Risti teenetemärk (IV) - Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana

Joseph Shekel, 2002 (Estonian Honorary Consul)
Anton Dammer 2005 (U.S. Department of Energy)
Earl Rogers, 2006 (Estonian-American activist)
David Kramer, 2007 (diplomat)

Maarjamaa Risti teenetemärk (V) - Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana

Leonard Švarcs, 2001 (journalist and translator)
Casimir Zacharski, 2004 (musician)
Glenn McClelland, 2004 (philanthropist)

The Order of the Cross of the Eagle is bestowed in order to give recognition for military services and for services rendered in the field of Estonia's national defense. It was established in 1928 by the Estonian Defense League in honor of the 10th anniversary of Estonia's independence.

Kotkaristi teenetemärk (I) -Order of the Cross of the Eagle

Gen. Wesley K. Clark, 2000
Gen. Richard Myers, 2004
Gen. Joseph W. Ralston, 2004
Adm. Edmund P. Giambastiani, 2006
Gen. James L. Jones, 2007

Kotkaristi teenetemärk (III) -Order of the Cross of the Eagle

Larry W. Guderjohn, 1998 (military advisor)
Frederick E. Bush, 1998 (military attaché)
Peter Henrik Hendrikson, 2000 (military attaché)
Gen. James F. Fretterd, 2001 (Maryland National Guard)
Maj. Gen. Henry Kievenaar, 2003

Kotkaristi teenetemärk (IV) - Order of the Cross of the Eagle

Lt. Col. John Suprin, 2002 (military advisor)
Andres Traks, 2004 (Estonian-American activist)
Lt. Col. Kenneth Pope, 2006 (military advisor)
William A. Moschella, 2006 (legal attaché)

The Order of the Estonian Red Cross is bestowed in order to give recognition for humanitarian services rendered in the interests of the Estonian people and for saving lives. It was established in 1920 by the Estonian Red Cross.

Eesti Punase Risti teenetemärk (IV) - Order of the Estonian Red Cross

Ago Ambre, 2001 (Estonian-American philanthropist)

Eesti Punase Risti teenetemärk (V) - Order of the Estonian Red Cross

Dr. Kristaps J. Keggi, 1999 (Estonian-American professor and surgeon)

The Order of the White Star was instituted by President Konstantin Pats in 1936 to give Estonian citizens recognition for services rendered in state public service or local government and to non-Estonians for services rendered to the Estonian state.

Valgetähe teenetemärk (II) -Order of the White Star


Tõnu Parming, 1997 (Estonian-American scholar and activist)

Valgetähe teenetemärk(III)- Order of the White Star

Frank J. Sparhawk, 1996 (diplomat)
John Russell Deane III, 1997 (Center for International Management Education)
Vello Ederma, 2004 (Estonian-American activist)

Valgetähe teenetemärk(IV)- Order of the White Star

Jaan Valsiner, 2001 (Estonian-American scholar)
Jyri Kork, 2001 (Estonian-American scholar)
Endel Reinpõld, 2003 (Estonian-American activist)
Enno Toomsalu, 2003 (Estonian-American activist)

Valgetähe teenetemärk (V) -Order of the White Star

Victor Terras, 2001 (Estonian-American scholar)
Ylo Anson, 2001 (Estonian-American activist)

Valgetähe teenetemärgi medal – The Medal of the Order of the White Star

Harry Tarmo, 2001 (Estonian-American activist)
Linold Milles, 2001 (Estonian Scout leader)
Temira Pachmuss, 2001 (Estonian-American scholar)
Vello Ederma, 2001 (Estonian-American activist)

Riigivapi teenetemärk (II) - Order of the State Coat of Arms

Felix Johannes Oinas, 1997 (Estonian-American scholar)